Racial Equity
Infant Mortality by Mother's Race/Ethnicity

Not Available


Infant Mortality Rate by Race/Ethnicity, 2012-18

What does this measure?

The number of deaths per 1,000 live births per year for infants under the age of one year, averaged over five years by race and ethnicity.

Why is this important?

Infant mortality is considered an indicator of maternal health and the overall health of a community. It is also a marker of the availability and use of quality health care for pregnant women and infants.

How is the region doing?

In 2012-18 there were racial and ethnic disparities in each of the region's counties as well as at the state and nation. Infants of African American mothers in the region's counties had the highest infant mortality rate at 2 to 3 times higher than white mothers. Worcester County's infant mortality rates was the highest of all the counties in the region for each group. Middlesex and Norfolk's rates were inline or slightly better than Massachusetts rates, and below the national average for all groups.

Middlesex is similar to the state, except its rates are lower for white and Hispanic mothers at 2.6 per 1,000 live births. Norfolk has a higher rate than the state for African American infants (8.9) and lower for white infants (2.8).

Why do these disparities exist?

Racial disparities in infant mortality emerge from systems that perpetuate structural racism. Higher death rates among infants of color are tied to maternal access to prenatal care throughout pregnancy and quality of care. Research has shown that mothers of color are less likely to receive prenatal care in part because they tend to live in communities with fewer health care providers including neonatal services. While women of color from under-resourced communities gain access to health care via Medicaid, they are often underinsured. Discriminatory treatment by health care providers influences whether the health care needs of women of color are adequately addressed, putting mothers and their infants at higher risk of mortality. The racism experienced by expectant mothers of color in their everyday lives at work and in their neighborhoods (e.g. food insecurity, environmental toxins) place mothers and their infants at higher risk of premature death. The overall health of the expectant mother's color and access to comprehensive health care including gynecological services before pregnancy also contribute to premature infant death.

Notes about the data

Data not available for all race and ethnicity groups where the counts were too small to provide reliable rates.

Infant Mortality Rate by Race/Ethnicity, 2012-18
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
United States41155
Massachusetts3854
Middlesex3833
Norfolk93
Worcester1055

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, County Health Rankings
Notes: Rates per 1,000 births. Data not presented for all racial/ethnic groups where the counts were too small to provide reliable rates.








INDICATORS
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Infant Mortality by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Children Living in Poverty
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Single-Parent Families
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity
Disengaged Youth
Reports of Domestic Violence
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments
Households Without Vehicles
Means of Transportation to Work
Average Travel Time to Work
Households With Internet Access
Voter Participation Rate
Average Charitable Contribution
Protected Land
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate
Crimes Against People
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Change in Total Population
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
Foreign-Born Population
Language Diversity
Population by Age
Change in Population by Age/Gender
Seniors Living Alone
People with Disabilities
Change in Total Jobs by Sector
Unemployment Rate
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Average Salary by Sector
High-Tech Jobs
Female to Male Earnings Ratio
Prekindergarten Participation
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Student Subgroup
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group
Chronically Absent Students
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group
Education Levels of Adults
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty
People Living in Poverty, by Education Level
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity
Median Household Income
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity
Living Wage
80/20 Income Ratio
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity
Homeownership Rates
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Rent
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity
Homelessness
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Infant Mortality by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity


Loading...