Children and Families
Disengaged Youth


Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19

What does this measure?

The percentage of the population ages 16-19 that is not enrolled in school and not working (either unemployed or not in the labor force).

Why is this important?

Whether a young person is in school or working is an indicator of future success. Reasons for youth not being in the workforce or enrolled in school vary significantly, but one common factor is the level of literacy and math skills developed in school. The United States has a larger share of disengaged youth and individuals with low numeracy skills than other developed nations. Young people not in school or working are more likely to engage in risky behaviors such as drug use and violence.

How is the region doing?

In 2014-18, 4% of youth in the MetroWest region were not in school or not working, similar to the state and less than the national rate of 7%. Worcester County had a slightly higher rate at 5% than Middlesex (3%) or Norfolk (2%). Since 2000, the rates for the region, the state and nation have declined slightly.

Sample sizes for individual communities were too small to report reliably.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19
United States9%8%7%
Acton town, Middlesex County0%0%***0%***
Ashland town, Middlesex County5%2%***2%***
Bedford town, Middlesex County0%7%***15%***
Bellingham town, Norfolk County1%7%***0%***
Boxborough town, Middlesex County7%0%***4%***
Carlisle town, Middlesex County0%0%***0%***
Concord town, Middlesex County5%6%***4%***
Dedham town, Norfolk County7%10%***1%***
Dover town, Norfolk County0%0%***3%***
Framingham city, Middlesex County4%4%***4%***
Franklin town, Norfolk County1%***1%***
Groton town, Middlesex County4%2%***6%***
Harvard town, Worcester County0%11%***0%***
Holliston town, Middlesex County6%1%***0%***
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County4%8%***3%***
Hudson town, Middlesex County7%1%***9%***
Lexington town, Middlesex County4%1%***1%***
Lincoln town, Middlesex County0%5%***0%***
Littleton town, Middlesex County0%2%***10%***
Marlborough city, Middlesex County3%8%***7%***
Maynard town, Middlesex County0%0%***8%***
Medfield town, Norfolk County1%0%***4%***
Medway town, Norfolk County0%4%***4%***
Milford town, Worcester County6%6%***7%***
Millis town, Norfolk County0%0%***11%***
Natick town, Middlesex County4%2%***3%***
Needham town, Norfolk County1%4%***1%***
Sherborn town, Middlesex County0%0%***0%***
Southborough town, Worcester County5%7%***3%***
Stow town, Middlesex County3%0%***4%***
Sudbury town, Middlesex County1%0%***3%***
Walpole town, Norfolk County5%0%***6%***
Waltham city, Middlesex County2%1%***4%***
Wayland town, Middlesex County3%3%***1%***
Wellesley town, Norfolk County0%0%***0%***
Westborough town, Worcester County8%3%***0%***
Westford town, Middlesex County2%1%***2%***
Weston town, Middlesex County0%0%***2%***
Westwood town, Norfolk County3%3%***1%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Disengaged means not in school and not working. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Number of Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19
United States1,423,2831,448,5341,153,266
Acton town, Middlesex County01***1***
Ashland town, Middlesex County2722***15***
Bedford town, Middlesex County048***124***
Bellingham town, Norfolk County755***0***
Boxborough town, Middlesex County140***14***
Carlisle town, Middlesex County00***0***
Concord town, Middlesex County3352***34***
Dedham town, Norfolk County64118***11***
Dover town, Norfolk County00***13***
Framingham city, Middlesex County125140***172***
Franklin town, Norfolk County15***21***
Groton town, Middlesex County1515***45***
Harvard town, Worcester County036***0***
Holliston town, Middlesex County357***0***
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County2277***27***
Hudson town, Middlesex County6014***92***
Lexington town, Middlesex County4519***9***
Lincoln town, Middlesex County013***0***
Littleton town, Middlesex County011***56***
Marlborough city, Middlesex County47140***133***
Maynard town, Middlesex County00***31***
Medfield town, Norfolk County50***32***
Medway town, Norfolk County226***33***
Milford town, Worcester County7178***81***
Millis town, Norfolk County00***35***
Natick town, Middlesex County4133***40***
Needham town, Norfolk County759***21***
Sherborn town, Middlesex County00***0***
Southborough town, Worcester County1835***17***
Stow town, Middlesex County60***16***
Sudbury town, Middlesex County100***30***
Walpole town, Norfolk County460***85***
Waltham city, Middlesex County9668***179***
Wayland town, Middlesex County1619***7***
Wellesley town, Norfolk County00***14***
Westborough town, Worcester County6223***4***
Westford town, Middlesex County2118***28***
Weston town, Middlesex County00***14***
Westwood town, Norfolk County1818***10***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Disengaged means not in school and not working. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Not Applicable
Reports of Domestic Violence Not Applicable
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Not Applicable
Households Without Vehicles Not Applicable
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Average Travel Time to Work Not Applicable
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Not Applicable
Average Charitable Contribution Not Applicable
Protected Land Not Applicable
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate Not Applicable
Crimes Against People Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Not Applicable
Language Diversity Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
Seniors Living Alone Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Not Applicable
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Student Subgroup Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Education Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
80/20 Income Ratio Not Applicable
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership Not Applicable
Cost of Rent Not Applicable
Homelessness Not Applicable