Financial Security
People Living in Poverty


People Living in Poverty

What does this measure?

People with incomes below the poverty line, as a percentage of those for whom poverty status has been determined. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2018, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $25,465.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people living in poverty is a measure of the overall economic health of a region. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports within the community.

How is our region doing?

In 2014-18, 8% of MetroWest residents were living in poverty, up from 7% in 2000. Of the three regional counties, Worcester had the highest rate, at 10%, followed by Middlesex at 8% and Norfolk at 6%. Waltham had the highest rate, at 11%, with nearly 6,100 residents below the poverty line. The City of Framingham was second highest, at 10%, nearly 6,700 residents.

Notes about the data

The multi-year figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

People Living in Poverty
United States12%15%14%
Acton town, Middlesex County3%2%*4%*
Ashland town, Middlesex County2%5%**4%*
Bedford town, Middlesex County2%4%**3%**
Bellingham town, Norfolk County3%2%**3%**
Boxborough town, Middlesex County3%3%***5%***
Carlisle town, Middlesex County2%6%***3%***
Concord town, Middlesex County4%4%**5%**
Dedham town, Norfolk County5%4%*5%*
Dover town, Norfolk County3%0%***1%***
Framingham city, Middlesex County8%11%10%
Franklin town, Norfolk County4%*4%**
Groton town, Middlesex County4%4%**4%**
Harvard town, Worcester County2%7%***5%***
Holliston town, Middlesex County3%4%***2%**
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County2%2%**2%**
Hudson town, Middlesex County4%7%*6%*
Lexington town, Middlesex County3%4%*4%*
Lincoln town, Middlesex County1%4%***3%***
Littleton town, Middlesex County4%3%***5%**
Marlborough city, Middlesex County7%7%*6%*
Maynard town, Middlesex County6%8%***5%**
Medfield town, Norfolk County1%4%***3%***
Medway town, Norfolk County2%3%**6%**
Milford town, Worcester County7%10%*9%*
Millis town, Norfolk County3%6%***2%***
Natick town, Middlesex County3%4%*3%*
Needham town, Norfolk County3%3%*3%**
Sherborn town, Middlesex County2%3%***3%***
Southborough town, Worcester County2%3%**4%**
Stow town, Middlesex County3%3%***4%***
Sudbury town, Middlesex County3%2%*3%***
Walpole town, Norfolk County2%4%**4%**
Waltham city, Middlesex County7%10%11%
Wayland town, Middlesex County2%4%**3%**
Wellesley town, Norfolk County4%3%*4%*
Westborough town, Worcester County5%4%**4%*
Westford town, Middlesex County2%2%**3%**
Weston town, Middlesex County3%2%**7%**
Westwood town, Norfolk County3%2%**2%**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Number of People Living in Poverty
United States33,899,81246,663,43344,257,979
Acton town, Middlesex County590535*842*
Ashland town, Middlesex County295809**642*
Bedford town, Middlesex County300538**457**
Bellingham town, Norfolk County384379**580**
Boxborough town, Middlesex County137135***314***
Carlisle town, Middlesex County111275***153***
Concord town, Middlesex County612734**843**
Dedham town, Norfolk County1,0371,029*1,173*
Dover town, Norfolk County16518***56***
Framingham city, Middlesex County5,1307,3526,682
Franklin town, Norfolk County1,330*1,271**
Groton town, Middlesex County376403**499**
Harvard town, Worcester County106358***260***
Holliston town, Middlesex County471523***223**
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County220321**393**
Hudson town, Middlesex County8051,254*1,151*
Lexington town, Middlesex County1,0071,228*1,197*
Lincoln town, Middlesex County67227***232***
Littleton town, Middlesex County290295***470**
Marlborough city, Middlesex County2,4552,785*2,475*
Maynard town, Middlesex County582797***548**
Medfield town, Norfolk County173516***416***
Medway town, Norfolk County278395**748**
Milford town, Worcester County1,9082,914*2,547*
Millis town, Norfolk County230490***172***
Natick town, Middlesex County8791,439*1,018*
Needham town, Norfolk County705978*773**
Sherborn town, Middlesex County98112***142***
Southborough town, Worcester County139295**367**
Stow town, Middlesex County157184***268***
Sudbury town, Middlesex County466266*552***
Walpole town, Norfolk County472840**1,064**
Waltham city, Middlesex County3,7525,4796,108
Wayland town, Middlesex County322486**414**
Wellesley town, Norfolk County885733*1,010*
Westborough town, Worcester County805713**780*
Westford town, Middlesex County345411**612**
Weston town, Middlesex County314258**791**
Westwood town, Norfolk County352325**383**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Not Applicable
Reports of Domestic Violence Not Applicable
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Not Applicable
Households Without Vehicles Not Applicable
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Average Travel Time to Work Not Applicable
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Not Applicable
Average Charitable Contribution Not Applicable
Protected Land Not Applicable
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate Not Applicable
Crimes Against People Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Not Applicable
Language Diversity Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
Seniors Living Alone Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Not Applicable
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Student Subgroup Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Education Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
80/20 Income Ratio Not Applicable
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership Not Applicable
Cost of Rent Not Applicable
Homelessness Not Applicable