Racial Equity
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity

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People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18

What does this measure?

The proportion of people within racial and ethnic groups with incomes below the poverty line. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2018, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $25,465.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people in poverty in various racial and ethnic groups is a measure of the overall economic health of these groups and may reflect disparities in access to economic opportunity. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports.

How is our region doing?

In 2014-18, 22% of Hispanic residents and 16% of African American residents in MetroWest had incomes below the poverty line, compared to 11% of Asian residents and 7% of white residents. Since 2000, rates declined by 2 percentage point for Hispanics and 1 point for Asians. The rate increased by 1 point for white residents and African American residents.

In all cases but one, the regional rates were better than the state and national rates. Hispanics in MetroWest had a poverty rate 1% higher than the national rate of 21%.

Notes about the data

Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released annually in December.

People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
United States12%24%21%12%
Massachusetts14%20%27%9%
Region11%16%22%7%
Middlesex11%17%20%6%
Norfolk10%12%13%**5%
Worcester11%18%27%9%
Acton town, Middlesex County2%******10%******7%******4%**
Ashland town, Middlesex County4%******19%******2%******3%****
Bedford town, Middlesex County7%******1%******0%******3%******
Bellingham town, Norfolk County0%******0%******8%******4%****
Boxborough town, Middlesex County6%******0%******40%******6%******
Carlisle town, Middlesex County3%******0%******17%******3%******
Concord town, Middlesex County12%******1%******3%******4%****
Dedham town, Norfolk County4%******11%******4%******4%**
Dover town, Norfolk County0%******0%******6%******1%******
Framingham city, Middlesex County7%****23%****17%**8%
Franklin town, Norfolk County7%******65%******12%******3%**
Groton town, Middlesex County4%******100%******7%******4%****
Harvard town, Worcester County0%******9%******12%******4%******
Holliston town, Middlesex County2%******0%******2%******1%****
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County0%******3%******17%******2%****
Hudson town, Middlesex County6%******31%******5%******6%****
Lexington town, Middlesex County5%******2%******2%******3%**
Lincoln town, Middlesex County0%******1%******10%******4%******
Littleton town, Middlesex County0%******0%******0%******5%****
Marlborough city, Middlesex County7%******3%******9%******6%****
Maynard town, Middlesex County40%******0%******26%******4%****
Medfield town, Norfolk County2%******36%******0%******3%******
Medway town, Norfolk County0%******5%******28%******6%****
Milford town, Worcester County4%******11%******24%******7%**
Millis town, Norfolk County0%******0%******0%******2%******
Natick town, Middlesex County5%******13%******5%******2%**
Needham town, Norfolk County7%******14%******1%******2%**
Sherborn town, Middlesex County0%******0%******0%******4%******
Southborough town, Worcester County3%******36%******11%******3%****
Stow town, Middlesex County0%******0%******0%******4%******
Sudbury town, Middlesex County4%******0%******0%******3%******
Walpole town, Norfolk County0%******14%******1%******4%**
Waltham city, Middlesex County23%****11%******23%****8%**
Wayland town, Middlesex County1%******6%******2%******3%****
Wellesley town, Norfolk County1%******60%******18%******3%**
Westborough town, Worcester County5%******4%******4%******4%****
Westford town, Middlesex County3%******0%******4%******2%****
Weston town, Middlesex County11%******18%******11%******6%****
Westwood town, Norfolk County3%******16%******5%******2%******

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
United States1,989,7689,490,58711,849,31526,730,734
Massachusetts57,81396,509203,145442,399
Region30,54325,69951,326166,340
Middlesex19,16613,26623,64176,980
Norfolk6,9725,5823,818**28,574
Worcester4,4056,85123,86760,786
Acton town, Middlesex County117******40******51******628**
Ashland town, Middlesex County65******89******30******473****
Bedford town, Middlesex County148******3******0******282******
Bellingham town, Norfolk County0******1******38******579****
Boxborough town, Middlesex County70******0******85******244******
Carlisle town, Middlesex County16******0******14******123******
Concord town, Middlesex County150******2******20******683****
Dedham town, Norfolk County31******235******97******893**
Dover town, Norfolk County0******0******14******56******
Framingham city, Middlesex County409****1,162****1,928**3,889
Franklin town, Norfolk County118******128******81******750**
Groton town, Middlesex County19******11******12******415****
Harvard town, Worcester County0******12******23******206******
Holliston town, Middlesex County15******0******13******192****
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County1******10******76******326****
Hudson town, Middlesex County30******78******68******1,019****
Lexington town, Middlesex County486******7******15******668**
Lincoln town, Middlesex County0******2******45******230******
Littleton town, Middlesex County0******0******0******453****
Marlborough city, Middlesex County156******40******469******1,805****
Maynard town, Middlesex County120******0******80******348****
Medfield town, Norfolk County11******40******0******365******
Medway town, Norfolk County0******20******43******699****
Milford town, Worcester County34******73******938******1,655**
Millis town, Norfolk County0******0******0******172******
Natick town, Middlesex County230******74******76******631**
Needham town, Norfolk County178******126******6******456**
Sherborn town, Middlesex County0******0******0******142******
Southborough town, Worcester County41******51******32******257****
Stow town, Middlesex County0******0******0******268******
Sudbury town, Middlesex County92******0******0******454******
Walpole town, Norfolk County0******86******15******897**
Waltham city, Middlesex County1,406****505******1,813****3,089**
Wayland town, Middlesex County11******5******13******386****
Wellesley town, Norfolk County16******275******172******652**
Westborough town, Worcester County207******20******37******475****
Westford town, Middlesex County130******0******20******464****
Weston town, Middlesex County145******35******49******587****
Westwood town, Norfolk County43******15******19******305******

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




INDICATORS
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Infant Mortality by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Children Living in Poverty
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Single-Parent Families
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity
Disengaged Youth
Reports of Domestic Violence
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments
Households Without Vehicles
Means of Transportation to Work
Average Travel Time to Work
Households With Internet Access
Voter Participation Rate
Average Charitable Contribution
Protected Land
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate
Crimes Against People
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Change in Total Population
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
Foreign-Born Population
Language Diversity
Population by Age
Change in Population by Age/Gender
Seniors Living Alone
People with Disabilities
Change in Total Jobs by Sector
Unemployment Rate
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Average Salary by Sector
High-Tech Jobs
Female to Male Earnings Ratio
Prekindergarten Participation
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Student Subgroup
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group
Chronically Absent Students
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group
Education Levels of Adults
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty
People Living in Poverty, by Education Level
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity
Median Household Income
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity
Living Wage
80/20 Income Ratio
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity
Homeownership Rates
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Rent
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity
Homelessness
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Infant Mortality by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity


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