Financial Security
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity

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Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18

What does this measure?

Median household income, in 2018 dollars. Half of incomes are below the median and half are above.

Why is this important?

Median household income is a gauge of the overall economic health of the region and the financial resources of households. Differences among racial and ethnic groups is a gauge of the economic health of those groups, and may reflect disparities in access to economic opportunity.

How is our region doing?

In 2014-18, median incomes were substantially lower among African American ($59,000) and Hispanic ($52,000) households, and higher among white ($92,000) and Asian ($104,000) households. Racial/ethnic income disparities were similar at the state and national level.

Notes about the data

Figures are in constant 2018 dollars. The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with 3 asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
United States$83,898$40,155$49,225$63,917
Acton town, Middlesex County$145,938**$123,028******$64,271******$137,788
Ashland town, Middlesex County$189,536$78,047******$113,438******$115,806
Bedford town, Middlesex County$128,250**$55,167******$0******$133,649
Bellingham town, Norfolk County$108,516******$162,545******$0******$99,127
Boxborough town, Middlesex County$153,906****$0******$0******$97,743
Carlisle town, Middlesex County$125,227******$0******$2,499$187,552
Concord town, Middlesex County$187,760**$157,007$203,646**$139,583
Dedham town, Norfolk County$158,008**$86,053**$89,630**$97,836
Dover town, Norfolk County$250,001$0******$184,886******$221,250
Framingham city, Middlesex County$105,222$50,156****$46,010$84,493
Franklin town, Norfolk County$145,781$0******$0******$115,540
Groton town, Middlesex County$140,000******$0******$168,438******$127,477
Harvard town, Worcester County$158,654******$0******$0******$147,159
Holliston town, Middlesex County$174,545******$104,773****$0******$126,438
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County$232,375**$163,393**$0******$158,983
Hudson town, Middlesex County$117,833$0******$46,417****$90,102
Lexington town, Middlesex County$189,500$0******$213,558$160,899
Lincoln town, Middlesex County$143,150**$159,063****$38,125**$118,676
Littleton town, Middlesex County$159,444******$0******$0******$121,186
Marlborough city, Middlesex County$90,341$86,510******$64,529$81,913
Maynard town, Middlesex County$0******$0******$0******$103,420
Medfield town, Norfolk County$224,028******$25,500******$0******$155,313
Medway town, Norfolk County$194,500******$0******$105,985****$119,254
Milford town, Worcester County$94,882****$52,069******$67,885$82,800
Millis town, Norfolk County$0******$0******$149,375******$106,964
Natick town, Middlesex County$108,021$45,023$95,403**$114,167
Needham town, Norfolk County$160,536**$0******$248,125******$158,850
Sherborn town, Middlesex County$247,841******$0******$250,001$180,609
Southborough town, Worcester County$174,615$0******$122,386**$130,037
Stow town, Middlesex County$139,500**$0******$0******$145,964
Sudbury town, Middlesex County$184,688**$0******$155,714******$176,692
Walpole town, Norfolk County$189,659******$0******$122,292******$110,000
Waltham city, Middlesex County$92,776$62,833**$63,365$91,375
Wayland town, Middlesex County$248,125$0******$219,107**$165,278
Wellesley town, Norfolk County$245,208$0******$121,375******$188,587
Westborough town, Worcester County$134,337$93,953$0******$99,257
Westford town, Middlesex County$194,630$0******$0******$130,951
Weston town, Middlesex County$212,578**$250,001$183,922****$175,313
Westwood town, Norfolk County$160,521**$148,558******$0******$156,780

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures in 2017 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Not Applicable
Reports of Domestic Violence Not Applicable
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Not Applicable
Households Without Vehicles Not Applicable
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Average Travel Time to Work Not Applicable
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Not Applicable
Average Charitable Contribution Not Applicable
Protected Land Not Applicable
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate Not Applicable
Crimes Against People Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Not Applicable
Language Diversity Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
Seniors Living Alone Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Not Applicable
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Student Subgroup Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Education Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
80/20 Income Ratio Not Applicable
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership Not Applicable
Cost of Rent Not Applicable
Homelessness Not Applicable